About Citing Sources
This guide contains some examples of common citation formats in CSE Style (Council of Science Editors, formerly called the CBE Council of Biology Editors).
The Council of Science Editor's (CSE) style is used for citing references in the physical and life sciences.
The CSE style has two systems of citation, the Citation-Sequence system and the Name-Year system. This guide will focus on the Name-Year system.
Your CSE citations will include in text citations, as well as a Literature CIted at the end of your paper.
CSE was formerly called CBE style.
The purpose of documentation is to:
- Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
- Indicate the authors or sources of these in a Literature Cited list at the end of your paper.
For complete citation information, see Scientific Style and Format: the CSE manual for authors, editors and publishers.
Feller BA. 1981. Health characteristics of persons with chronic activity limitation, United States, 1979. Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US). Report No.: VHS-SER-10/137. Available from NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB88-228622.
Reference List, report written and published by different organizations:
Cooper LN (Department of Physics, Brown University, Providence, RI). 1990. Theoretical and experimental research into biological mechanisms underlying learning and memory. Final progress report 1 Aug 88-31 Jul 89. Washington (DC): Air Force Office of Scientific Research (US). Report No.: AFOSR-TR-90-0672. Contract No.: AFOSR-88-0228; 2305; B4. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; AD-A223615.