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A. Interviews and Personal CommunicationsB. Class NotesC. Pamphlets, Brochures, and ReportsD. Scriptural ReferencesE. Secondary Sources
This is the "A. Interviews and Personal Communications" page of the "Chicago Manual of Style" guide.
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Chicago Manual of Style   Tags: avoid_plagiarism, chicago_style, citation, citing, endnote, in-text, sources, works_cited  

This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the Chicago Manual of Style guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

A. Interviews and Personal Communications Print Page

About Citing Other Sources

You are going to have questions about citing sources other than those presented here.  Refer to the manual or look through a list of Questions and Answers.



Interviews and Personal Communications (p. 705-707, 714)

Unpublished interviews and personal communications (conversations, emails, letters, etc.) are generally cited in a footnote only; they are rarely included in the Bibliography. 
General Format 
      Full Note: 
            1. Interviewee/Email Sender First Name/Initial Surname, Interview by Name of Interviewer,
      Place and Date of Interview.
      Concise Note: 
            Generally the same as the full note. Can list Interviewee/Email Sender by
      Surname only.
      Typically no bibliography entry required.
Example 1
      Full Note:
            1. Andrew Macmillan (principal adviser, Investment Center Division, FAO), in
      discussion with the author, September 1998.
Example 2
      Full Note:
            1. Interview with health care worker, August 10, 1999.
Example 3
      Full Note:
            1. Constance Conlon, email message to author, April 17, 2000.
Example 4
      Full Note:
            1. John Powell, email to Grapevine mailing list, April 23, 1998.

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