A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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This is the "H. Google Scholar" page of the "APA Citation Style" guide.
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This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the APA guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

H. Google Scholar Print Page

Citing Google Scholar Articles

Good news! Google Scholar provides an option for pre-formatted citations of articles from the search result list. Currently,  MLA, APA, and Chicago are the only options.

You can select a citation pre-formatted on the Cite link located below a search result and choose from the available citation styles. As with any resource that provides citations, always check to make sure formatting is correct by using COTR Library citation how-to guides or consult the helpful staff at the Reference Desk.


Tips for using Google Scholar pre-formatted citations

Many online products, such as Google Scholar, offer citation assistance through pre-formatted options.  If you choose an item from Google Scholar, you must still evaluate it for credibility, relevance, and authority.  The Cite option is located on the same line in the results list as the Cited by feature, below the record details.

APA Example:

  1. After pasting the citation in your paper, create a hanging indent. 
  2. Make it double spaced.
  3. Change the font to Times New Roman 12 or font style preferred by your instructor.

Note: Google Scholar does not include DOI information.

 It Should Look Like APA:

Wighting, M. J., Liu, J., & Rovai, A. P. (2008). Distinguishing sense of

community and motivation characteristics between online and

traditional college students. Quarterly Review of Distance Education,

9(3), 285-295.

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.


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