A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
Creative Commons License
This is the "D. Secondary Sources" page of the "APA Citation Style" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the APA guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

D. Secondary Sources Print Page

About Citing Secondary Sources

You may find that an author writes about research conducted by someone else. 

You should try to find and read the original research yet that may be difficult.  

In these instances you will have to cite the source that you have read that refers to other research. 

The words “as cited in” writing in the in-text reference will indicate you have not read the original research.


Secondary Sources (p. 178)

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
(Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year)
In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Author Surname, Year qtd. as cited in Author Surname [of the source you read], Year, page number)
Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial [of the source you read]. (Year). Book title: Publisher
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
Watki's 1989 study (as cited in Clinton, 2006) found that chimps cling to facsimilies of their parent but do not develop attachment depth as they do with their natural parent.
Do not include Watkins'(1989) in your References; include Clinton (2006).

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.


Loading  Loading...