A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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A. Interview Print Page
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About Citing Interviews

Personal interviews are not included in the reference list because they do not provide recoverable data. Cite them in text only.

For examples of how to cite an interview you've read, see the APA Style blog.

 

An Interview (p. 179)

General Format
 
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
(Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(Interviewee First Initial. Second Initial. Surname, personal communication, Month Day, Year)
 
References:
Do not include in list
 
Example
 
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
(T. Barlow, personal communication, March 12, 2003)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):
(T. Barlow, personal communication, March 12, 2003)
 
References:
Do not include in list.
      

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.

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