A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the APA guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

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About Other Sources

You may want to include a variety of sources and resources in your work.  These sources may be:

  • class lecture notes, PowerPoint presentations, documents from course management software (Blackboard, Moodle)
  • an interview
  • email correspondance
  • scripture or other religious text
  • a dissertation or thesis

 Though there are similarities in format, each source has subtle differences to which you must pay attention.  Be sure you note every bibliographic element of the source: author, URL, titles, subtitles, date accessed, etc.

 

Citing Basics for Other Sources

There are variations in the reference entry format, depending on the source. 

For example, a brochure.


General print brochure/pamphlet format:

Corporate author. (Publication Year). Title of the brochure [Brochure]. Location of the Publisher: Publisher. 

  • Brochures and pamphlets are often written by corporate authors (a company, group, corporation, or school). If so, the name of the company, etc. is listed as the corporate author. If the brochure is written by a person (an author), he or she would be placed in the corporate author spot. The author would be listed as follows: Last name, Initial of first name. Initial of middle name.
  • Often the corporate author is also the publisher. In that case, the word Author would be placed in the publisher spot.
  • If there is not a date on the brochure, n.d. would go in the publication year spot.
  • If the document is a pamphlet, the word [Pamphlet] would go in the brochure spot.

What if the brochure/pamphlet is found online?:

  • The online brochure/pamphlet entry is the same as the print brochure/pamphlet entry (without the publication data). There is also a retrieval statement listing the web page where the brochure/pamphlet is found. Do not place a period after the web address.

Corporate author. (Publication Year). Title of brochure [Brochure]. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxxx

  • Brochures and pamphlets are often written by corporate authors (a company, group, corporation, or school). If so, the name of the company, etc. is listed as the corporate author. If the brochure is written by a person (an author), he or she would be placed in the corporate author spot. The author would be listed as follows: Last name, Initial of first name. Initial of middle name.
  • If there is not a date on the brochure, n.d. would go in the publication year spot.
  • If the document is a pamphlet, the word [Pamphlet] would go in the brochure spot.
  • List the web address where the brochure can be found. Do not underline the web address. Do not place a period after the web address. Try to keep the web address on one line if possible.

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.

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