About Citing Artwork
There are no guidelines for paintings, sculptures, or more complicated installations. A good reference contains enough information to lead your reader to the source you used, as concisely as possible. At a minimum, this should include the artist’s name, year(s) of fabrication, title of the work, any other necessary or relevant information (such as the medium), and the location of the work.
Not only must you attend to copyright levels, you must find information that is often hidden. Use these points as basic guidelines when citing images in your assignments, papers, and presentations:
- Use consistent and and sequential figure numbering throughout your work, usually abbreviated as "Fig. 1" for example.
- Include artist's name (lastname, firstname), date (in parentheses), title of work, and work type (in brackets).
- Medium and measurements and institution which houses the work may be included after the work type.
- Include the source from which the image came
- For books, start with "From" followed by an italicized title, page number in parentheses, "by" the author, followed by date and publication information
- For electronic resources, start with "Retrieved" and include retrieval date (month day, year) and "from: " followed by the URL.
- Be consistent with caption display choices throughout your paper or slideshow.
Figures and APA Style
You must reference the original source when you use a figure that has been adapted or copied directly from another source. Each figure used must have a caption. Remember to refer to copyright permissions you have obtained for use of the image.
The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases. However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.
The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.
Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.