A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

F. Online Government Document Print Page
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About Government Documents

This page is intended to provide a general overview of how to cite electronic Canadian government publications.

 

Government Publication (p. 205)

APA Citation Style does not have a separate category for government publications.  According to APA, government documents can be considered Books, Technical/Research Reports or Brochures.

Here are some helpful guidelines:

  • cite a government document as a book, report, or brochure
  • use the person named on the first page as author
  • when no person is named, use the government agency, department, or branch as a group author
  • when the author is also the publisher, use the word Author after the location
  • use the series or report number information if noted after the title

 APA Citation Style does not have a separate category for government publications.  According to APA, government documents can be considered Books, Technical/Research Reports or Brochures.

Helpful Tips:

  • Treat a government document as a book, report, or brochure.
  • If a person is named on the title page, use her or him as author.
  • If no person is named, use the government agency, department, or branch as a group author (Ex. 31, p.205).
  • Give the name of the group author exactly as it appears on the title page. If the branch or agency is not well known, include its higher department first.
  • If the group author is also the publisher, just use the word Author after the location (p. 203).
  • If there is a series or report number, include it after the title (p. 205).
  • The manual refers to the GPO (U.S. Gov. Printing Office). Canadian equivalents may be: Queen’s Printer, Ministry of Supply and Services, Canadian Government Publishing, etc.
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname OR Name of Government Organization, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname OR Name of Government Organization, Year, page number)
 
      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. OR Government Name. Name of
            
               Government Agency. (Year). Title: Subtitle (Report No. xxx [if available])Place of
     
               Publication: Publisher.
 
Example 1 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Gilmore et al., 1999)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Gilmore et al., 1999, p. 5)
 
      References:
      Gilmore, J., Woollam, P., Campbell, T., McLean, B., Roch, J., & Stephens, T. (1999).
      
               Statistical report on the health of Canadians: Prepared by the Federal, Provincial
            
               and Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health. Charlottetown, PEI:
           
               Health Canada, Statistics Canada, Canadian Institute for Health Information.
 
Example 2
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Edwards, Sims-Jones, Hotz, & Cushman, 1997)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Edwards, Sims-Jones, Hotz, & Cushman, 1997, p. 2)
 
      References:
      Edwards, N., Sims-Jones, N., Hotz, S., & Cushman, R. (1997). Development and
            
               testing components of a multifaceted intervention program to reduce the
            
               incidence of smoking relapse during pregnancy and post-partum of both
            
               women and their partners. Report prepared for Health Canada at the Community
            
               Health Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Canada.
 
Example 3
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Ontario Ministry of Health, 1994)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Ontario Ministry of Health, 1994, p. 7)
 
      References:
      Ontario Ministry of Health. (1994). Selected findings from the mental health
            
               supplement of the Ontario Health Survey. Ottawa, ON: Queen's Printer
            
               for Ontario.
 
Example 4 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (U. S. Food and Drug Administration, 2004)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (U. S. Food and Drug Administration, 2004, p. 8)
 
      References:
      U. S. Food and Drug Administration/Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. (2004).
            
               Worsening depression and suicidality in patients being treated with antidepressant
            
               medications: FDA public health advisory. Washington, DC: Author.

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.

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