A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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This is the "E. Online Reference Entry" page of the "APA Citation Style" guide.
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This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the APA guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

E. Online Reference Entry Print Page

About Citing Websites

When citing a website, take note of the author, title, the publisher, publication date, and the date you accessed the site.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-text Citation - entry that appears in the body of your paper.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper


Entry in an Online Reference Work (p. 205)

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Author Surname, Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Author Surname, Year, page number [if available])


Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year; if not

known, put n.d.). Title of entry. In Editor First Initial.

Second Initial. Surname (Ed.), Title of reference work

(edition, Vol.#). Retrieved from URL


In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(DeWitt, 2002)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(DeWitt, 2002)


DeWitt, R. (2002). Darwinism. In T. Zimmerman (Ed.), The encyclopedia

of evolution (Winter 2002 ed.). Retrieved from


Oxford English Dictionary Online (free version)


Definition. (Date of publication). In Oxford English dictionary online (2nd.).

Retrieved from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/canary


Canary. (2011). In Oxford English dictionary online (2nd.). Retrieved

from Internet URL

Oxford English Dictionary Online (library subscription)

Definition. (Date of publication). In Oxford English dictionary

online (2nd.). Retrieved from URL ezyproxy of library subscription


Canary. (2011). In Oxford English dictionary online (2nd.).Retrieved from


When using the Oxford English Dictionary to which COTR Library subscribes, there is no permalink offered. Use the URL which will open to a window with an option to login to our databases. This would work for assignments in your courses here at COTR when submitted to your instructors.

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.


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