A. One Author or EditorB. Two Authors or EditorsC. Three to Five Authors or EditorsD. Chapter in an Edited Book or TextbookE. Entry in a dictionary or encyclopediaF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Edition other than the FirstI. TranslationJ. Government Publication
A. Journal Article with One AuthorB. Journal Article with Two AuthorsC. Journal Article with 3 - 6 AuthorsD. Journal Article with more than 7 authorsE. Magazine ArticleF. Newspaper ArticleG. Article from a DatabaseH. Google Scholar
A. Basic Web PageB. University / College WebpageC. No AuthorD. Blog postE. Online Reference EntryF. Online Government DocumentG. Document from a WebsiteH. Wikis
A. Motion PictureB. YouTube VideoC. Podcast
A. Electronic ImageB. FiguresC. Photographs and Maps
A. InterviewB. EmailC. Religious and Classical WorksD. Secondary SourcesE. Lectures / Course MaterialsF. Archival WorksG. Tweets & FacebookH. Personal Communication
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This guide will help you with formatting your citations according to the APA guidelines.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/apa Print Guide RSS Updates

F. No Author Print Page

About Citing Books

When you're finding books for your research, make note of the author name(s), book title, publication date, publisher, and place of publication.

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and a specific example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.

In-text Citation (Direct Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper, word for word from a source, and in quotation marks

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Handbook (6th ed.). 

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.


General Formatting

  • Alphabetize your reference list by the first word of the citation (usually the author's last name).Double space all of the citations on your reference page.
  • Indent the second & following lines of the citation 5-7 spaces.
  • For 2-6 authors: Wingert, P., Smith, J., & Brown, P.
  • For more than 6 authors: Provide only the first author followed by a comma and et al. For example: Wingert, P., et al.
  • Capitalize ONLY the first word of the document title and proper nouns. If there is a colon in the title, capitalize the first word after the colon.
  • No period after URL for e-books.
  • No retrieval date is needed.

Book with no Author

General Format

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Book title [usually shortened], Year)

In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Book title [usually shortened], Year, page number)


Book title: Subtitle. (Year). Place of Publication:Publisher.


In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):

(Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010)

 In-Text Citation (Quotation):

(Oxford Dictionary of English, 2010, p. 456)


Oxford dictionary of English (3rd ed.). (2010). Oxford, UK: Oxford

          University Press.  

Learn More

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.


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