About APA Style
American Psychological Association (APA) style is used for citing references you use for your papers in science and social science courses, such as:
- Social Work
APA style provides rules for formatting:
- your essay as a whole: margins, indenting, etc.
- references included in the body of your essay (in-text)
- the reference list at the end of your essay (References)
The purpose of citing your references is to:
- identify (cite) other people’s ideas and the information you use within your assignment, essay or term paper
- avoid plagiarism
- allow the reader to find your research sources
- provide evidence for your arguments and add credibility to your work
This online guide is based on the APA Manual (6th ed.), 2009.
Your instructor may give you specific instructions on format or style. Always make sure you follow your instructor's guidelines.
Instructors Requirements Differ!
Why Cite Sources
Check out this tutorial from UTSA Libraries!
The template and content in this guide is adapted from many sources including the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, APA Style Blog , Red Deer College Library, Zayed University, and Thompson Rivers University Library.
The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases. However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.
The APA citation style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.
Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.