MLA Citation Tutorial
A. One AuthorB. Two to Three AuthorsC. Three or More AuthorsD. Work in an AnthologyE. Corporate AuthorF. No AuthorG. E-BookH. Entry in an Encyclopedia/DictionaryI. Edition other than the FirstJ. Introduction, Foreword, Preface, or AfterwordK. TranslationL. Government Publication
A. Basic Journal ArticleB. Journal Article from an Online PeriodicalC. Journal Article from Library DatabaseD. Magazine ArticleE. Magazine Article from DatabaseF. Newspaper ArticleG. Google ScholarH. Research Starter Articles
A. Basic Web PageB. Document from a Web siteC. No Author
A. Video or DVDB. Sound RecordingC. Musical Composition
A. Works of ArtB. Online Image
A. LectureB. Online Course Materials
A. EmailB. Indirect SourcesC. TwitterC. Speeches, Lectures or Oral Presentations
This is the "Format Works Cited" page of the "MLA Citation Style 7th edition" guide.
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MLA Citation Style 7th edition   Tags: citations, citing, mla, mla_style, sources  

A guide to help with formatting your citations in MLA style.
Last Updated: Jun 9, 2017 URL: http://cotr.libguides.com/mla Print Guide RSS Updates

Format Works Cited Print Page
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About Works Cited List

  • References cited in text must appear in the References list and vice versa.
  • Each entry begins flush with the left margin of the page, and subsequent lines are indented.  This is known as hanging indentation (131).
  • Multiple entries by one author are arranged chronologically.
  • Capitalize each word in a title, except for articles such as A, An, or The, unless they are the first word in the title (86-87).
  • Italicize book titles, journal titles, and titles of other works published independently (88). Use quotation marks around the titles of works published as part of another work, e.g. journal article, short story, or essay in an anthology (89).
  • For books, list the city of publication, publisher’s name, and year of publication as they appear on the title page or its reverse. If there is more than one city, list the first one only. Abbreviate publishers' names according to MLA guidelines (e.g. omit articles, business abbreviations such as Co., Inc., etc., and descriptive words such as Books, etc.) (148-152).
  • Typically when citing Web sources a URL is not included.  Include a URL only if you have been instructed to do so by your teacher or if the document would be hard to locate otherwise. (182) When a “Works Cited” entry does include a URL that must be divided between two lines, break it only after a slash (182).
  • Citations must include an indication of the medium of the source (e.g. "Print" or "Web") (xvii).
 

Works Cited List

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the MLA 7th edition handbook.

Double-Spaced

Your entire paper, including the Works Cited list, should be double-spaced (p. 116).

Hanging Indent

Each Works Cited entry should be formatted with a hanging indent (p.131).

Alphabetical

Arrange Works Cited entries alphabetically by the surname of the first author, or by title if there is no author. When beginning with the title ignore initial articles (e.g. A, An, The) for alphabetization (131-133).

Capitalization

Capitalize the first, the last, and all principal words in a title and subtitle (pp. 86-87).

Author's Name(s)

Cite the first author’s name with the surname first, but otherwise give authors’ names as they appear in the source (p. 149).

If the Works Cited list includes two or more entries by the same author(s), give the author(s) name(s) in the first entry only. In subsequent entries, use three hyphens in place of the names, followed by a period and the title. Arrange the works in alphabetical order by title (pp. 133-135).

Example:
Borroff, Marie. Language and the Poet: Verbal Artistry in Frost, Stevens, and Moore.

               Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1979. Print.


---. "Sound Symbolism as Drama in the Poetry of Robert Frost." PMLA 107.1 (1992):

               131-44. JSTOR. Web. 13 May 2008.

What if There is No Author?

If there is no author, begin the entry with the title, ignoring any introductory articles (e.g. The, A, An) (p. 162, pp. 223-4).

URLs

Typically, when citing web sources in MLA style, a URL is not included. Include a URL only when your instructor requires it or when the reader probably cannot locate the source without it.  However, when a Works Cited entry does include a URL that must be divided between two lines, break it only after a slash (p. 182). 

Abbreviations

MLA citation style allows for extensive use of abbreviations. For a helpful list of abbreviations used in Works Cited, check out section 7 of the MLA Handbook (pp. 233-56).

Placement of the Works Cited List

The list of Works Cited appears at the end of your paper. Begin the list on a new page and number each page, continuing the page numbers of the text. (p. 130)

 

Tips: Works Cited


Works Cited is a separate page at the end of your paper that alphabetically lists all the references cited in the text of your paper.

  • Each entry begins flush with the left margin of the page, and subsequent lines are indented.  This is known as hanging indentation (131).
  • List entries with a hanging indent and ensure that the entire list is double-spaced (130-131).

  • Arrange entries alphabetically by the  last name of the first author or by title if there is no author. When beginning with the title ignore initial articles (e.g. A, An, The) for alphabetization (131-133).

  • Cite the first author’s name with the last name first, but otherwise give the authors’ names as they appear in the source.

  • Use the author's full first and last name when it is known.  E.g. Smith, Bob.
  • If the “Works Cited” list includes two or more entries by the same author(s), give the author(s) name(s) in the first entry only. In subsequent entries use three hyphens in place of the names, followed by a period and the title. Arrange the works in alphabetical order by title (133-135).            

Example:
Borroff, Marie. Language and the Poet: Verbal Artistry in Frost, Stevens, and Moore.

               Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1979. Print.


---. "Sound Symbolism as Drama in the Poetry of Robert Frost." PMLA 107.1 (1992):

                 131-44. JSTOR. Web. 13 May 2008.

  •  Multiple entries by one author are arranged chronologically.
  • Capitalize each word in a title, except for articles such as A, An, or The, unless they are the first word in the title (86-87).

  • Italicize book titles, journal titles, and titles of other works published independently (88). Use quotation marks around the titles of works published as part of another work, e.g. journal article, short story, or essay in an anthology (89).

  • When citing journal articles, include the volume, issue number, and page numbers after the year.  This is not necessary for newspapers and magazines (p 136).
  • Omit any introductory article, e.g. first word The, in the title of an English-language journal (138).

  • For books, list the city of publication, publisher’s name, and year of publication as they appear on the title page or its reverse. If there is more than one city, list the first one only. Abbreviate publishers' names according to MLA guidelines (e.g. omit articles, business abbreviations such as Co., Inc., etc., and descriptive words such as Books, etc.) (148-152).

  • Typically when citing Web sources a URL is not included.  Include a URL only if you have been instructed to do so by your teacher or if the document would be hard to locate otherwise. (182) When a “Works Cited” entry does include a URL that must be divided between two lines, break it only after a slash (182). 

  • Citations must include an indication of the medium of the source (e.g. "Print" or "Web") (xvii).

 

Learn More

Learn more about the Modern Language Association style from the association website.

A clearly organized and well presented document offering details on various levels of MLA citation style. 

An alternative to College of the Rockies Library MLA Citation Style Guide

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University offers an online resource which can be used in some cases.  However, it does not include everything required for citing sources in one place.

The MLA Style does not cover Canadian government sources, and has only a limited section on American government resources.

Please refer to the staff at the Library Reference Desk for clarification when citing Canadian government sources.

Librarians at SFU have created what is considered the definitive resource for use when citing Canadian Government documents and online resources in MLA Style.

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